In 1998 Wei Dei introduced the world to the first cryptocurrency and from then on the world has watched with bathed breath the future of the digital currency.
Cryptocurrency has faced many criticisms some have dismissed it as a fad others have likened it to it is just like another pyramid scheme. Some have cited that traditional currencies have backing of gold, crypto-currencies do not have that backing. Blackrock CEO Larry Fink called it ‘index of money laundering.’ You can check this know more - What Do Leaders Think About Cryptocurrency
Whatever may be the case, like all new inventions, cryptocurrency is here to stay. It will be the currency of the future. Some governments have allowed it others are wary of approving, but in the years to come the world will accept the cryptocurrency and future trade and commerce will follow this medium of exchange.
Bitcoin was the first of its kind. It was created in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto and was the first decentralized cryptocurrency. There have been numerous cryptocurrencies since then called altcoins or alternative cryptocurrencies
There are many altcoins like Ethereum, Ripple, Dash, PIVX, Namecoin, Peercoin, Litecoin etc. Indeed today over 1000 cryptocurrencies exists.
Litecoin, released in Oct 2011, is a peer to peer cryptocurrency released under MIT/X11 license. It is the first to use Scrypt Algorithm as its hash function instead of SHA-256.
Litecoin is based on an entirely different protocol than Bitcoin. It is also open-sourced and decentralized. It is backed by cryptographic mats to make secure transactions. We do not know who Satoshi Nakamoto the inventor of Bitcoin is. Is he a male or a group of individuals? The identity has always been a mystery. No such mystery exists with regards to Litecoin. This cryptocurrency was created by Charlie Lee on 7th Oct. 2011, an ex-employee of Google.
Litecoin was created to complement Bitcoin not compete with it.